Clubfoot or Congenital Talipes Equinovarus (C.T.E.V.) is a birth defect that can be mild to severe and pain levels range from zero/little to very severe depending on the type of clubfoot, severity, and past treatments. It affects one or both feet and other underlying conditions may be present or are associated with clubfoot. 


The causes of clubfoot are multi-factorial ranging from genetic to environmental influences. A variety of treatment methods are therefore researched as it is unlikely that one treatment will be effective for all types of clubfoot. Large research gaps have been passed on to researchers, universities, and physicians and this effort still continues as part of our mission. This mission was first started by the Clubfoot Research Foundation when no such organization was found in 2011. We are proud to be the first that identified the gap and that started evaluation validated scientific literature first.  


Currently, minimal surgery interventions seem to provide better long-term outcomes, such as physical therapy or the French Functional method, versus other more invasive procedures. Long periods of bracing are also used to maintain corrections and were first suggested by the Clubfoot Research Foundation after adult outcomes revealed the necessity. This gap in literature we passed on to brace makers and today there is a variety of adult products available due to the efforts and education this organization provides to the understanding of this disorder. Many patients benefit from consistent physical therapy type interventions and find that it improves their overall quality of life. More studies regarding this therapy are still needed.